Cradle of Christianity

In the Time of Jesus - Second Period Temple

The first section of the exhibition is devoted to the Holy Land at the time of Jesus, presenting important events of his life in the context of first-century Jewish life. Unique archaeological finds excavated in Israel portray the world in which Jesus lived, as described by the scriptures and writings of Jewish historian Josephus Flavius. Extraordinary finds from the Temple in Jerusalem as well as stone ossuaries bearing Hebrew names familiar to us from the gospels will be featured in the exhibition, suggesting how common these names were among the Jewish community in ancient Israel. It also includes artifacts characteristic of the period in which the Last Supper, trial, and crucifixion are believed to have taken place.

Artifacts include:

The Temple Scroll (Dead Sea Scroll)

Its scale and subject—calling for a new legal interpretation of the Torah—make the Temple Scroll one of the most historically important of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

The burial ossuary of Caiaphas the High Priest, who, according to the New Testament, delivered Jesus to the Romans and a commemorative inscription bearing the name of Pontius Pilate, representing the only surviving
physical evidence of these two prominent figures
from the story of the trial of Jesus.

An ossuary inscribed "Judah, son of Jesus" from the East Talpiot tomb in Jerusalem.

A Graffito of the Menorah, the oldest representation of the menorah that stood in the Temple of Jerusalem, found in the excavations of the Jewish Quarter in Jerusalem and dating to the first century BC (the Second Temple period).

A stone inscription from the Temple Mount reading "To the place of trumpeting…"

Emory Michael C. Carlos Museum
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