Amduat of Tanetshedkhons

11008044-2005_007_003_Cpa_ARC.tif

Title

Amduat of Tanetshedkhons

Keywords

papyrus manuscript

Date

1076-944 BC

Context

Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21
Egypt
Egyptian

Medium/Dimensions

Papyrus, pigment
8 1/4 x 49 1/2 in. (21 x 125.7 cm)

Object Number

2005.007.003

Description

This papyrus belonged to the Mistress of the House and Chantress of Amun, Tanetshedkhons, a Theban noblewoman of the Twenty-first Dynasty. The scroll is inscribed with portions of two funerary texts known as the "Litany of Re" and the "Amduat," or "Book of that which is in the Underworld." The "Amduat", like the "Book of the Dead," is one of several guidebooks designed to aid the deceased in their perilous journey through the Underworld. These guidebooks provided descriptions of the Underworld, accompanied by illustrations, to familiarize the deceased with the challenges to be faces and to lessen their apprehension. In the "Litany of Re," the deceased is equated with the sun god, who was reborn each morning, in the hope of securing the same fate.

Like many other funerary texts, the "Amduat" and "Litany" were originally restricted to the use of the king, though the elite had adopted them by the Twenty-first Dynasty. In its fullest form, the "Amduat" consists of twelve sections, corresponding to the hours of the night when the sun god travels through the Underworld in his boat. Certain sections, such as these, depict the beings, both good and evil, that inhabit the Underworld and may help - or hinder - the deceased. This papyrus would have been placed in the tomb, near Tanetshedkhons for easy access. In some cases, kings would inscribe an abbreviated version at the foot of their coffins as a quick reference.

The Lady Tanetshedkhons was one of the higher-ranking members of Theban society, and a relation of the powerful Amun priests that claimed royal authority during the Twenty-first Dynasty. Several other items from her burial equipment are known, including funerary figurines and papyri.

Credit Line

Gift of Anne Cox Chambers

Exhibits/Publications

From Pharaohs to Emperors: New Egyptian and Classical Antiquities at Emory, Michael C. Carlos Museum, January 14 - April 2, 2006|
MCCM Permanent Collection Reinstallation, 2006 - January 2011|
Monsters, Demons & Winged Beasts: Composite Creatures in the Ancient World, Michael C. Carlos Museum, February 5 - June 19, 2011|
MCCM Permanent Collection Reinstallation, June 20 - September 20, 2011|
MCCM Permanent Collection Reinstallation, June 17, 2013 - August 29, 2016
Sotheby's New York, Classical, Egyptian, and Western Asiatic Antiquities Including Property from the Collection of Gustave & Franyo Schindler, and Property from the Estate of Lillian Rojtman Berkman (Thursday, December 9, 2004), 130, number 318.|
MCCM Newsletter, March - May 2005.|
MCCM Newsletter, December 2005 - February 2006.|
Peter Lacovara and Jasper Gaunt, "From Pharaohs to Emperors: Egyptian, Near Eastern & Classical Antiquities at Emory," Minerva 17 (January/February 2006): 9-16.|
Michael C. Carlos Museum: Highlights of the Collections (Atlanta: Michael C. Carlos Museum, 2011), 24.

Rights

© Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University. Photo by Bruce M. White, 2007.
This image is provided by the Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University, who retains all rights in it. This image is made available for limited non-commercial, educational, and personal use only, or for fair use as defined by United States law. For all other uses, please contact the Michael C. Carlos Museum Office of Collections Services at +1(404) 727-4282 or mccm.collections.services@emory.edu. Users must cite the author and source of the image as they would material from any printed work, but not in any way that implies endorsement of the user or the user's use of the image. Users may not remove any copyright, trademark, or other proprietary notices, including without limitation attribution information, credits, and copyright notices that have been placed on or near the image by the Museum. The Museum assumes no responsibility for royalties or fees claimed by the artist or third parties. The User agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Emory University, its Michael C. Carlos Museum, its agents, employees, faculty members, students and trustees from and against any and all claims, losses, actions, damages, expenses, and all other liabilities, including but not limited to attorney’s fees, directly or indirectly arising out of or resulting from its use of photographic images for which permission is granted hereunder.

On View

No

Citation

“Amduat of Tanetshedkhons,” Michael C. Carlos Museum Collections Online, accessed November 25, 2017, http://carlos.digitalscholarship.emory.edu/items/show/8039.

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