During the years following the New Kingdom, known as the Third Intermediate Period, several dynasties competed for political control of Egypt. These dynasties coexisted in various locations across the country, namely Tanis, in the Delta, and Thebes, in the South. The royal line of the New Kingdom continued most directly in Tanis, in the reign of Smendes I, probably a son-in-law of Ramesses XI and founder of the 21st Dynasty. The division of Egypt between North and South and between king and priest would persist throughout the Third Intermediate Period.
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