Head of a Phoenician

11008268-2001_018_001_Bpa_ARC.tif

Title

Head of a Phoenician

Keywords

sculpture, visual works component

Date

1292-525 BC

Context

New Kingdom, Dynasty 19 - Late Period, Dynasty 26
Eastern Mediterranean
Egyptian

Medium/Dimensions

Faience
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1 in. (3.8 x 3.2 x 2.5 cm)

Object Number

2001.018.001

Description

This small faience head has the high cheekbones and wears the conical cap that is often used in Egyptian iconography to identify Phoenicians. Egyptians often took great care to represent detailed national costume on images of foreigners to make the images readable and it is likely that this small figure once wore the traditional costume associated with Phoenicians. The word "Phoenician" comes from the Egyptian word "fenkhw" which referred to Syrian foreigners. Egyptian official ideology saw foreign people and nations as elements of chaos in contrast and threatening to the ordered world of Egypt. Images of foreigners were placed in debased positions such as on floors or were represented as prisoners or subjects of the Egyptian king. Small figures of foreigners were broken or burned to ritually ensure the dominance of Egypt over the foreign lands and therefore the kings' efficacy. While official ideology dictated that foreigners be represented in a debased position in Egyptian material culture, the reality was quite different. This small head is dated between the 19th and 26th Dynasties, a period beginning with strong economic and political ties between Egypt and many contemporary nations and ending with the Saiite domination of Egypt in the 26th Dynasty. Increased contact with foreign nations during the New Kingdom created a climate in which some of the most striking images of foreigners were made, the elaborate costumes and distinct physiognomy of foreign people are represented in faience tiles for floors, on the battlefield in relief on temples and palaces, and as supplicants before the king on footstools and throne daises. The original context of this small faience head is not known but it can be related to the larger corpus of aforementioned foreigner figures.

Credit Line

Gift of Dr. Jerome Eisenberg

Exhibits/Publications

From Pharaohs to Emperors: New Egyptian and Classical Antiquities, Michael C. Carlos Museum, January 14 - April 2, 2006

Rights

© Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University. Photo by Bruce M. White, 2005.
This image is provided by the Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University, who retains all rights in it. This image is made available for limited non-commercial, educational, and personal use only, or for fair use as defined by United States law. For all other uses, please contact the Michael C. Carlos Museum Office of Collections Services at +1(404) 727-4282 or mccm.collections.services@emory.edu. Users must cite the author and source of the image as they would material from any printed work, but not in any way that implies endorsement of the user or the user's use of the image. Users may not remove any copyright, trademark, or other proprietary notices, including without limitation attribution information, credits, and copyright notices that have been placed on or near the image by the Museum. The Museum assumes no responsibility for royalties or fees claimed by the artist or third parties. The User agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Emory University, its Michael C. Carlos Museum, its agents, employees, faculty members, students and trustees from and against any and all claims, losses, actions, damages, expenses, and all other liabilities, including but not limited to attorney’s fees, directly or indirectly arising out of or resulting from its use of photographic images for which permission is granted hereunder.

On View

No

Citation

“Head of a Phoenician,” Michael C. Carlos Museum Collections Online, accessed September 22, 2018, http://carlos.digitalscholarship.emory.edu/items/show/7807.

Social Bookmarking

Embed

Copy the code below into your web page