Shabti in the Name of Horoudja, Son of Chedit and Servant and Prophet of Neith

11008220-2005_025_001_Apa_ARC.tif

Title

Shabti in the Name of Horoudja, Son of Chedit and Servant and Prophet of Neith

Keywords

Shabti, sculpture, funerary object

Date

380-343 BC

Context

Late Period, Dynasty 30
Egypt, Hawara
Egyptian

Medium/Dimensions

Faience
9 x 2 5/8 in. (22.9 x 6.7 cm)

Object Number

2005.025.001

Description

Shabtis are figures installed in tombs; generally they appear as mummiform figures with writing along their bodies, meant to alleviate the need for the tomb owner to work in the afterlife. The Egyptians conceptualized the afterlife as largely similar to the world they lived in, therefore the dead had human needs and labor was required in the afterlife to meet these needs. At the very beginning of recorded Egyptian history (just before the First Dynasty) there is evidence that this need for laborers was met, at least for the king, by the interment of servants likely killed at his time of death. After this very early period, evidence for this practice dies out and the need was evidently met with images and sculptures that served the same purpose. In the Old Kingdom and at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, small figures of workers often placed in vignettes were installed in tombs to serve the dead. In the middle of the Middle Kingdom, a shift toward the use of shabtis occurs with models becoming less common. In the New Kingdom, shabti figures became a necessary part of a proper burial in Egypt and were sometimes deposited in the tomb in great numbers. The word "shabti" derives from the ancient Egyptian word "to answer" because these figures were made to answer for the tomb owner when they were called to work in the afterlife.
This shabti was excavated by the famous English Egyptologist William Flinders Petrie, who worked during the last part of the 19th century and first half of the 20th. Petrie excavated this shabti and 398 others from the tomb of Horoudja at Hawara. Many of Horoudja's shabtis are unusual for their incredible quality. The subtly rendered facial features and detailed rendering of hieroglyphs on these faience shabtis caused Petrie to marvel in a letter home: I found about a dozen of the very finest quality of large green ushabti of a man, Horuta [Horoudja], of exquisite work, the faces elaborated to show the dimples and muscles, and the details of the pick and the hoe and basket all standing out in high relief; the material hard pottery merging into stone ware glazed throughout; long inscriptions beautifully inscribed in the round, and some of the figures inches high and some more brilliant ones of 10 inches. They are just some of the finest class I have ever seen. (13-19 January 1889)

Credit Line

Egyptian Purchase Fund

Exhibits/Publications

From Pharaohs to Emperors: New Egyptian and Classical Antiquities at Emory, Michael C. Carlos Museum, January 14 - April 2, 2006|
MCCM Permanent Collection Reinstallation, 2006 - Present
Peter Lacovara and Jasper Gaunt, "From Pharaohs to Emperors: Egyptian, Near Eastern & Classical Antiquities at Emory," Minerva (January/February 2006): 9-16.

Rights

© Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University. Photo by Bruce M. White, 2005.
This image is provided by the Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University, who retains all rights in it. This image is made available for limited non-commercial, educational, and personal use only, or for fair use as defined by United States law. For all other uses, please contact the Michael C. Carlos Museum Office of Collections Services at +1(404) 727-4282 or mccm.collections.services@emory.edu. Users must cite the author and source of the image as they would material from any printed work, but not in any way that implies endorsement of the user or the user's use of the image. Users may not remove any copyright, trademark, or other proprietary notices, including without limitation attribution information, credits, and copyright notices that have been placed on or near the image by the Museum. The Museum assumes no responsibility for royalties or fees claimed by the artist or third parties. The User agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Emory University, its Michael C. Carlos Museum, its agents, employees, faculty members, students and trustees from and against any and all claims, losses, actions, damages, expenses, and all other liabilities, including but not limited to attorney’s fees, directly or indirectly arising out of or resulting from its use of photographic images for which permission is granted hereunder.

On View

Yes

Citation

“Shabti in the Name of Horoudja, Son of Chedit and Servant and Prophet of Neith,” Michael C. Carlos Museum Collections Online, accessed September 21, 2018, http://carlos.digitalscholarship.emory.edu/items/show/7859.

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