Reis (Overseer) Shabti

11007975-2000_013_002_Apa_ARC.tif

Title

Reis (Overseer) Shabti

Date

1076-723 BC

Context

Third Intermediate Period
Egypt
Egyptian

Medium/Dimensions

Faience
5 9/16 x 1 15/16 x 1 3/16 in. (14.1 x 4.9 x 3 cm)

Object Number

2000.013.002

Description

During the Third Intermediate Period, as more and more figurines were included in the burial assemblage, the quality of shabtis declined. Molds were used to produce figures quickly and inexpensively, often resulting in figures with unmodeled backs and poorly defined features. Inscriptions were also abbreviated, providing only the name and occasionally a title or filiation for the deceased. An innovation of this period is the reis, or overseer shabti, charged with managing the large workforce provided for the deceased in the afterlife. The overseer was distinguished by his daily-life attire and the whip grasped in one hand, as illustrated by this example.

In this example, the texts are extremely faded, and that of the reis figure is completely illegible. The small shabti belonged to a woman whose name seems to be a compound incorporating the name of the goddess Mut.

Credit Line

Egyptian Purchase Fund

Exhibits/Publications

MCCM Permanent Collection Reinstallation, 2001 - Present
Peter Lacovara and Betsy Teasley Trope, The Realm of Osiris (Atlanta: Michael C. Carlos Museum, 2001), 29.

Rights

© Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University. Photo by Peter Harholdt.
This image is provided by the Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University, who retains all rights in it. This image is made available for limited non-commercial, educational, and personal use only, or for fair use as defined by United States law. For all other uses, please contact the Michael C. Carlos Museum Office of Collections Services at +1(404) 727-4282 or mccm.collections.services@emory.edu. Users must cite the author and source of the image as they would material from any printed work, but not in any way that implies endorsement of the user or the user's use of the image. Users may not remove any copyright, trademark, or other proprietary notices, including without limitation attribution information, credits, and copyright notices that have been placed on or near the image by the Museum. The Museum assumes no responsibility for royalties or fees claimed by the artist or third parties. The User agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Emory University, its Michael C. Carlos Museum, its agents, employees, faculty members, students and trustees from and against any and all claims, losses, actions, damages, expenses, and all other liabilities, including but not limited to attorney’s fees, directly or indirectly arising out of or resulting from its use of photographic images for which permission is granted hereunder.

On View

Yes

Citation

“Reis (Overseer) Shabti,” Michael C. Carlos Museum Collections Online, accessed January 18, 2018, http://carlos.digitalscholarship.emory.edu/items/show/8075.

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